Q. What is Hammer Toe?
A. A hammer toe occurs when one of the small toes bends (at the joint between the first and second toe segments) so that the tip of the toe turns downward, which resembles the shape of a hammer or claw.
What causes it?
Wearing tight shoes often causes this painful abnormality.
When hammer toe is identified and cared for early and properly, it's possible to avoid invasive forms of treatment, though in more serious cases, surgery may be necessary. Consult your doctor for specific treatment and look for shoes that aren't too tight, and try to avoid styles that squeeze your toes (i.e. pointed shoes and high heels). Specifically, you'll want to choose a shoe that features a high and wide toe box, which is the area that surrounds your foot from the knuckle joints to the tips of your toes.
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